Archive for the Colonial Category

Steps to Revolution Video

Posted in American Revolution, Colonial on September 27, 2018 by mrkufs

This explains in 11 minutes the steps to the American Revolution.  Follow the events and dates.


APUSH Period 3-Seven Years War Mr. Kufs Video

Posted in American Revolution, Colonial on September 26, 2018 by mrkufs

Key Concept 3.1- Britain’s victory over France in the Imperial Struggle for North America led to new conflicts among the British government, the North American colonists, and American Indians, culminating in the creation of a new nation-the United States.

Long Essay Intro Paragraph- DUE Thursday, September 27th

Posted in Colonial on September 25, 2018 by mrkufs

Period 2 (UNIT 2): Long-Essay Question


Essay Instructions

Directions: Write a coherent, well-supported introduction paragraph with a valid thesis statement on the following question.

Although both were largely settled originally by people of English origin, Massachusetts Bay and the Chesapeake Region by 1700 had evolved into two distinct (unique and different) societies. Why did this difference in development occur?

Achievements of Benjamin Franklin

Posted in Colonial on September 21, 2018 by mrkufs

Benjamin Franklin: Achievements & Contributions


Hand Swim Flippers (1720)
1st US Copperplate Press (’27)
Pennsylvanian Stove (1741)
US Political Cartoons (’47/’54)
Electric Storage Battery (1749)
Lightning Rod (1751)
Flexible Urinary Catheter (’52)
4-Paned Street Lamp (1756)
Phila. Streets Paved (1756)
24-Hr., 3-Wheeled Clock (’57)
Glass Armonica (1762)
Gulf Stream (1st named & described correctly, 1769)
Smokeless Coal Stove (1771)
Postal Odometer (1775)
Bifocals (1784)
Daylight Saving Time (1784)
Long Arm, Library Chair & Fanning Rocking Chair (’86)
Improved Copy Machine (’86)

Major Documents

Albany Plan of Union (1754)
Articles of Confederation (’75)
Decl. of Independence (1776)
PA’s 1st Constitution (1776)
Treaty of Paris (1781-1783)
US Constitution (1787)
Institutions Co-Founded
The Junto (1727)
Library Company (1731)
Union Fire Co. (1st in US, ’36)
Amer. Philosophical Soc. (’43)
PA Hospital (1st public hospital in US, 1751)
Academy of PA (now, University of PA, 1751)
Phila. Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire (oldest extant in US, ’52)
PA Militia (now, PA National Guard, 1764)
Phila. Soc. for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons (’87)

Honors, Hon. Degrees

Copley Medal, Royal Society (London, 1753)
M.A.’s, Harvard & Yale (1753)
Fellow, Royal Society (London, 1756)
M.A., Wm & Mary (1756)
Ph.D, Univ. of St. Andrews (Scotland, 1759)
D.Civ.Law, Oxford (1762)
Member, Royal Academy of Sciences (Paris, 1772)
Member, Royal Academy of History (Madrid, 1784)
Member, Imperial Academy of Sciences & Arts (St. Petersburg, 1789)

Offices Held

Clerk, PA Assembly (1736-1751)
Deputy Postmaster-Gen’l of Philadelphia (1737-1753)
Member, Phila. City Council (1748-1751)
Member, PA Assembly (1751-1764)
Deputy Postmaster-General of (British) North America (1753-1756)
PA Delegate to Albany Congress (1754)
Co-Postmaster Gen’l of (Br.) North America (1756-1774)
Lobbyist for PA, GA, NJ. MA w/ British Gov’t (1757-1774)
Speaker, PA Assembly (1763)
Postmaster-General of the United Colonies (1775-1776)
PA Delegate: 2nd Continental Congress (1775-1776)
US Ambassador to France (1776-1785, official in 1778)
President of PA Executive Council (now, Governor of Pennsylvania, 1785-1788)
PA Delegate: Constitutional Convention (1787)
President of Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, and the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage (1788-1790)
Author: Andrew Connally, Historian

“Sinners At The End of An Angry God”

Posted in Colonial on September 21, 2018 by mrkufs

Jonathan Edwards described in 2 minutes about his sermon and contribution to the Great Awakening in the 1740’s.

Triangular Trade

Posted in Colonial, Uncategorized on September 12, 2018 by mrkufs


William Penn and the Quakers

Posted in Colonial on September 12, 2018 by mrkufs

Chester the Crab Quaker

The Thirteen Original Colonies

Posted in Colonial on September 12, 2018 by mrkufs


Jamestown from the History Channel

Posted in Colonial on September 9, 2018 by mrkufs

This is a webpage with clips about the FIRST, PERMANENT ENGLISH SETTLEMENT in the NEW WORLD in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

The Institution of Slavery in Colonial America and Why It Grew So Rapidly

Posted in Colonial on September 9, 2018 by mrkufs

Slave population grew RAPIDLY in colonial America, particularly in the South.  By 1750, half of Virginia’s population and 2/3 of South Carolina’s were slaves.  The rooting of the institution of slavery was of far greater importance than that of mercantilism.

The Three Factors of Why There Was An Increased Demand for Slavery:

1.  Reduced Migration-wages in England improved.

2.  Dependable Work Force- Large plantation owners were disturbed by the political demands of small farmers and indentured servants like Bacon’s Rebellion.

3.  Cheap Labor- As tobacco prices fell, rice and indigo became profitable.  To grow successfully they needed the cheapest of labor.

Slaves came to America via the Triangular Trade (see photo) via Africa.

Albany Plan of Union

Posted in Colonial with tags , , , , on September 21, 2016 by mrkufs
English: This political cartoon (attributed to...

English: This political cartoon (attributed to Benjamin Franklin) originally appeared during the French and Indian War, but was recycled to encourage the American colonies to unite against British rule. Description taken from File:Joinordie.jpg uploaded by User:Lies5150. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Albany Plan of Union was a proposal to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader of 48 and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress in July 1754 in Albany, New York. More than twenty representatives of several northern and mid-Atlantic colonies had gathered to plan their defense related to the French and Indian War, the front in North America of the Seven Years War between Great Britain and France. The Plan represented an early attempt to form a union of the colonies “under one government as far as might be necessary for defense and other general important purposes.”

Source: The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, Second Edition. Yale University Press, 1964. pp. 209-210

Timeline of “First Three” Colonial Wars and the Seven Years War

Posted in Colonial with tags , on September 24, 2015 by mrkufs

Questions for Homework DUE on Thursday 9/19

Posted in Colonial on September 17, 2013 by mrkufs

APUSH from American Pageant TEXT for 9/19

  1. Who were Congregationalists and where did they settle?
  2. Who discovered the “Fountain of Youth” and where?
  3. The tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy were distinctive in that…?
  4. Explain and describe characteristics of the Puritans in detail.

Timelines for American Pageant Chapter 1,2, and 3

Posted in Colonial on September 8, 2013 by mrkufs

Chapter 1 American Pageant


33,000-8,000 B.C. – First humans cross into Americas from Asia.

5,000 B.C.             – Corn is developed as a stable crop in highland Mexico.

4,000 B.C.             – First civilized societies develop in the Middle East.

1,200 B.C.             – Corn planting reaches present-day American Southwest.

1,000 A.D.             – Norse voyagers discover and briefly settle in northeastern North America.

Corn cultivation reaches Midwest and southeastern Atlantic seaboard.

1,100 A.D.             – Height of Mississippian settlement at Cahokia.

1,100-1,300 A.D.   – Christian crusades arouse European interest in the East.

1295                       – Marco Polo returns to Europe.

Late 1400s             – Spain becomes united.

1488                       – Diaz rounds southern tip of Africa.

1492                       – Columbus lands in the Bahamas.

1494                       – Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal.

1498                       – Da Gama reaches India.  Cabot explores northeastern coast of North America for England.

1513                       – Balboa claims all lands touched by the Pacific Ocean for Spain.

1513, 1521             – Ponce de Leon explores Florida.

1519-1521              – Cortes conquers Mexico for Spain.

1522                       – Magellan’s vessel completes circumnavigation of the world.

1524                       – Verrazano explores eastern seaboard of North America for France.

1532                       – Pizarro crushes Incas.

1534                       – Cartier journeys up the St. Lawrence River.

1539-1542              – De Soto explores the Southeast and discovers the Mississippi River.

1540-1542              – Cabrillo explores present-day Southwest.

1542                       – Cabrillo explores California coast for Spain.

1565                       – Spanish build fortress at St. Augustine.

Late 1500s              – Iroquois Confederacy founded, according to Iroquois legend.

1598-1609              – Spanish under Onate conquer pueblo peoples of Rio Grande valley.

1609                       – Spanish found New Mexico.

1680s                     – French exploration down Mississippi River under La Salle.

1769                       – Serra founds first California mission, at San Diego.

Chapter 2 American Pageant

The Planting of English America



1558                        – Elizabeth I becomes queen of England

1565-1590               – English crush Irish uprising

1577                        – Drake circumnavigates the globe

1585                        – Raleigh founds Roanoke colony

1588                        – England defeats Spanish Armada

1603                        – James I becomes king of England

1604                        – Spain and England sign peace treaty

1607                        – Virginia colony founded at Jamestown

1612                        – Rolfe perfects tobacco culture in Virginia

1614                        – First Anglo-Powhatan War ends

1619                        – First Africans arrive in Jamestown.  Virginia House of Burgesses established

1624                        – Virginia becomes a royal colony

1634                        – Maryland colony founded

1640s                      – Large-scale slave-labor system established in English West Indies

1644                        – Second Anglo-Powhatan War

1649                        – Act of Toleration in Maryland.  Charles I beheaded; Cromwell rules England

1660                        – Charles II restored to English throne

1661                        – Barbados slave code adopted

1670                        – Carolina colony created

1711-1713               – Tuscarora War in North Carolina

1712                        – North Carolina formally separates from South Carolina

1715-1716               – Yamasee War in South Carolina

1733                        – Georgia colony founded

Chapter 3 American Pageant


1517                        – Martin Luther begins Protestant Reformation

1536                        – John Calvin of Geneva publishes Institutes of the Christian Religion

1620                        – Pilgrims sail on the Mayflower to Plymouth Bay

1624                        – Dutch found New Netherland

1629                        – Charles I dismisses Parliament and persecutes Puritans

1630                        – Puritans found Massachusetts Bay Colony

1635-1636               – Roger Williams convicted of heresy and founds Rhode Island colony

1635-1638               – Connecticut and New Haven colonies founded

1637                        – Pequot War

1638                        – Anne Hutchinson banished from Massachusetts colony

1639                        – Connecticut’s Fundamental Orders drafted

1642-1648               – English Civil War

1643                        – New England Confederation formed

1655                        – New Netherland conquers New Sweden

1664                        – England seizes New Netherland from Dutch, East and West Jersey colonies    founded

1675-1676               – King Philip’s War

1681                        – William Penn founds Pennsylvania colony

1686                        – Royal authority creates Dominion of New England

1688-1689               – Glorious Revolution overthrows Stuarts and Dominion of New England