The Institution of Slavery in Colonial America and Why It Grew So Rapidly

Slave population grew RAPIDLY in colonial America, particularly in the South.  By 1750, half of Virginia’s population and 2/3 of South Carolina’s were slaves.  The rooting of the institution of slavery was of far greater importance than that of mercantilism.

The Three Factors of Why There Was An Increased Demand for Slavery:

1.  Reduced Migration-wages in England improved.

2.  Dependable Work Force- Large plantation owners were disturbed by the political demands of small farmers and indentured servants like Bacon’s Rebellion.

3.  Cheap Labor- As tobacco prices fell, rice and indigo became profitable.  To grow successfully they needed the cheapest of labor.

Slaves came to America via the Triangular Trade (see photo) via Africa.


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