Timelines for American Pageant Chapter 1,2, and 3

Chapter 1 American Pageant

 Chronology

33,000-8,000 B.C. – First humans cross into Americas from Asia.

5,000 B.C.             – Corn is developed as a stable crop in highland Mexico.

4,000 B.C.             – First civilized societies develop in the Middle East.

1,200 B.C.             – Corn planting reaches present-day American Southwest.

1,000 A.D.             – Norse voyagers discover and briefly settle in northeastern North America.

Corn cultivation reaches Midwest and southeastern Atlantic seaboard.

1,100 A.D.             – Height of Mississippian settlement at Cahokia.

1,100-1,300 A.D.   – Christian crusades arouse European interest in the East.

1295                       – Marco Polo returns to Europe.

Late 1400s             – Spain becomes united.

1488                       – Diaz rounds southern tip of Africa.

1492                       – Columbus lands in the Bahamas.

1494                       – Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal.

1498                       – Da Gama reaches India.  Cabot explores northeastern coast of North America for England.

1513                       – Balboa claims all lands touched by the Pacific Ocean for Spain.

1513, 1521             – Ponce de Leon explores Florida.

1519-1521              – Cortes conquers Mexico for Spain.

1522                       – Magellan’s vessel completes circumnavigation of the world.

1524                       – Verrazano explores eastern seaboard of North America for France.

1532                       – Pizarro crushes Incas.

1534                       – Cartier journeys up the St. Lawrence River.

1539-1542              – De Soto explores the Southeast and discovers the Mississippi River.

1540-1542              – Cabrillo explores present-day Southwest.

1542                       – Cabrillo explores California coast for Spain.

1565                       – Spanish build fortress at St. Augustine.

Late 1500s              – Iroquois Confederacy founded, according to Iroquois legend.

1598-1609              – Spanish under Onate conquer pueblo peoples of Rio Grande valley.

1609                       – Spanish found New Mexico.

1680s                     – French exploration down Mississippi River under La Salle.

1769                       – Serra founds first California mission, at San Diego.

Chapter 2 American Pageant

The Planting of English America

1500-1733

Chronology

1558                        – Elizabeth I becomes queen of England

1565-1590               – English crush Irish uprising

1577                        – Drake circumnavigates the globe

1585                        – Raleigh founds Roanoke colony

1588                        – England defeats Spanish Armada

1603                        – James I becomes king of England

1604                        – Spain and England sign peace treaty

1607                        – Virginia colony founded at Jamestown

1612                        – Rolfe perfects tobacco culture in Virginia

1614                        – First Anglo-Powhatan War ends

1619                        – First Africans arrive in Jamestown.  Virginia House of Burgesses established

1624                        – Virginia becomes a royal colony

1634                        – Maryland colony founded

1640s                      – Large-scale slave-labor system established in English West Indies

1644                        – Second Anglo-Powhatan War

1649                        – Act of Toleration in Maryland.  Charles I beheaded; Cromwell rules England

1660                        – Charles II restored to English throne

1661                        – Barbados slave code adopted

1670                        – Carolina colony created

1711-1713               – Tuscarora War in North Carolina

1712                        – North Carolina formally separates from South Carolina

1715-1716               – Yamasee War in South Carolina

1733                        – Georgia colony founded

Chapter 3 American Pageant

 

1517                        – Martin Luther begins Protestant Reformation

1536                        – John Calvin of Geneva publishes Institutes of the Christian Religion

1620                        – Pilgrims sail on the Mayflower to Plymouth Bay

1624                        – Dutch found New Netherland

1629                        – Charles I dismisses Parliament and persecutes Puritans

1630                        – Puritans found Massachusetts Bay Colony

1635-1636               – Roger Williams convicted of heresy and founds Rhode Island colony

1635-1638               – Connecticut and New Haven colonies founded

1637                        – Pequot War

1638                        – Anne Hutchinson banished from Massachusetts colony

1639                        – Connecticut’s Fundamental Orders drafted

1642-1648               – English Civil War

1643                        – New England Confederation formed

1655                        – New Netherland conquers New Sweden

1664                        – England seizes New Netherland from Dutch, East and West Jersey colonies    founded

1675-1676               – King Philip’s War

1681                        – William Penn founds Pennsylvania colony

1686                        – Royal authority creates Dominion of New England

1688-1689               – Glorious Revolution overthrows Stuarts and Dominion of New England

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